Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)
This was a large study (17,000 people) done from 1995 to 1997, to determine the impact of childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being. The study concluded that childhood abuse, neglect, and exposure to other traumatic stressors had a profound impact on a person’s long term health and wellbeing.
Using ACE questionnaire scores the researchers were able to determine a higher incident of addictive behaviours, heart disease, liver disease, depression, intimate partner violence, unintended pregnancies, and Suicide attempts.
For more information and to check your personal ACE score check their web page